Our planet Earth is continuously threatened by the destruction of nature by humans. From the gradual extinction of animals and plants to global climate warming as a result of the use and burning of fossil fuels, the dangers of the destruction of nature by humankind has been a cause for concern for scientists, global entrepreneurs, world leaders and people who are aware of the subject of climate change. Simple instances such as the decision of a young man to be independent from his parents and build a house or buy a car of his own to the nation-building dreams of a political leader or social entrepreneur to improve the quality of life for a country by building more urban residences, infrastructure and factories all have consequence on nature. As a result, forests in Brazil and India are drastically reducing. This includes the Amazon rain forest whose position as the world’s largest forest is being threatened. It also includes every major rainforest in the world.
Indeed, technological advancement has it’s dark sides too. Every paper we use reminds us of the tree that was felled to make it and every fuel consuming car or flight we take contribute to the depletion of the protective gases of the Ozone layer. The manufacture of virtually every product we use globally contribute to geographic and atmospheric pollution.
As a result of all these, we are all faced with the real fears and threats of extinction of animal species as more species become endangered or critically endangered. The cases of animal invasion in human residences keep increasing, causing attacks and even considerable loss of human lives. Diseases have been emerging in places that they could not be imagined to have existed due to the invasion of vectors that carry pathogens that cause illnesses and deaths due to the construction of dams and irrigation. Also, the great threat of melting icebergs from increase in atmospheric temperature due to global warming causing several widespread flooding which could destroy coastal human habitations, island countries and alter the look of maps worldwide and deaths linked to intense heat are all consequences of global warming by the depletion of the Ozone layer which is linked to the burning of fossil fuels. It’s a commonly known fact that plants convert the carbon dioxide every living human and animal breathes out to the oxygen we breathe in. The feeling of trees is, however, necessary for everyday products used by humankind including paper, furniture, utensils, tools and many more. It’s also necessary to clear forests for human settlement and agriculture. The indiscriminate attacks of chainsaws in the hands of a man without replacement is a disastrous venture being prepared for future generations.
The threat is, however, an avertable danger. The emergence of green energy and eco-friendly alternatives to energy supply is a rising industry, and that is an hour of hope for the future of our planet. Also, governments are being conscious, and people are enlightened and sensitized about the threats of climate change and imbalance in the ecosystem. Some government policies are being made to this effect. Innovations and inventions are made in regards to these alternatives. We now have hybrid cars that run on petrol and batteries as well as vehicles that are fully run on electricity. Biogas, hydrothermal energy, solar and wind energy are also being explored and used.
However, the shift to green and eco-friendly energy is still a developed countries affair. Third world Nations are yet to explore it fully and that is because several citizens of such countries are illiterates or living in poverty. Green energy is expensive. The third world Nations in Africa, Asia, and Latin America are yet to be prepared for such a disruptive and revolutionary trend.
To tackle this problem, the governments of every country on Earth must acknowledge the responsibility of sensitizing the people and making policies that follow the vision of a world void of environmental pollution. For example, people have been advised to consider planting at least two broad-leaved trees and also replace felled trees by planting new ones add soon as they are felled.
Including the subject of climate change and wildlife conservation should be included in the curriculum of every school in developing countries. Parastatals, government agencies and ministries in charge of education should ensure that they are studied as degree programs. Business pitching competitions and graduate programs should include consideration for environmental conservative and ecologically friendly ideas. Television and radio programs, advertisements and jingles dedicated to sensitizing people especially of the grassroots community on the dangers of environmental pollution and the importance of the ecosystem to humanity should be created. Also, seminars and conferences based on green energy and the ecosy should be held in high schools, colleges, universities and other institutions of learning. Afforestation and re-afforestation must be taken seriously especially for construction projects such as estates, proposed cities and farmlands. It’s a common practice for farmers to fell trees to create farmlands for agriculture. They should be enlightened about the importance of re-afforestation. The constitutions of every nation in the world must make provisions for afforestation and wildlife conservation. This should be backed up with the establishment of forest reserves where farming, poaching and land acquisition are banned in such areas. This is also important because of the role of plants in converting the carbon dioxide we breathe out to oxygen which is the most precious to every living human and animal on the planet.
Currently, some countries have announced various years for the banning of automobiles that ruin fully on petroleum products such as petrol and diesel. This is to eradicate the emissions of carbon monoxide and other gases as a result of the burning of these fuels. For example, Japan had announced the ban on 1996, and it’s currently ongoing. European countries have set the years for the ban from 2032 to 2050. The United Kingdom has set its date for 2040. This is a big step in the eradication of the dangers of global warming as a threat to nature.
In conclusion, the dangers may be real, but with the commitment and cooperation of governments and people all over the world, things can only get better for our precious planet. The conservation, preservation and improvement of nature must be taken as our responsibility.