The Muses: Nine goddesses from Greek mythology

In one way or the other, you must have heard or read about the infamous Greek God called Zeus – the god of the sky, lightning, thunder, law, order, and justice. But did you know that he had a lover whose name was Mnemosyne, the Titan goddess of memory? Their union produced the nine goddesses of arts, literature, and science, known as the Muses. Zeus fathered the Muses with Mnemosyne.

We often hear poets and artists credit the Muse for their source of inspiration. But the big question is, how do they (the Muses)  inspire?

History and the arts are the basics of human cultural heritage. The Muses are part of the ancient and Roman and Greek mythology that influences the human culture to improve knowledge and offer inspiration in sciences and arts. One thing you should know is that each Muse has its domain over a particularly creative and artistic discipline and emblem – representative symbol.

The Muses followed Apollo, the god of music, art, and poetry who tutored them. Apollo is a very important and popular deity whose domains are healing, light, sun, oracle, prophecy, truth, and knowledge.

 

The 9 Muses:

Calliope:

The goddess Calliope is the superior Muse. She is the protector of poetic arts, rhetoric arts, music, and writing. She is usually depicted with laurels in one hand and two Homeric poems in the other.

Domain

Epic poetry

Emblem

Writing tablet

 

Clio:

The word “clio” is equivalent to the word history in ancient Greece. Clio is the protector of history.  She is depicted with a clarion in her right arm and a book in the left hand.

Domain

History

Emblem

Scroll

 

Erato:

Erato is the protector of lyrical and love poetry. She is depicted by a bow, lyre and love arrows.

Domain

Lyric poetry

Emblem

Cithara – a musical instrument of the lyre family

 

Euterpe:

Euterpe is the protector of songs and poetry of love, war, and death. Often times, she is depicted with flute in her hands and other instruments around her.

Domain

Song and elegiac poetry

Emblem

Aulos – a Greek musical instrument similar to a flute

 

Melpomene:

Melpomene is the creator of rhetoric speech and tragic melodies. She is the protector of the tragedies. She is depicted holding a tragic theatrical mask.

Domain

Tragedy

Emblem

Tragic mask

 

Polyhymnia:

Polyhymnia is the creator of geometry and grammar. She is the protector of divine hymns. The goddess is depicted wearing a veil, looking up to the heavens.

Domain

Hymns

Emblem

Veil

 

Terpsichore:

Terpsichore is the creator of harp and education and music. She is the protector of music and depicted holding her harp and dances and a laurel wreath on her head.

Domain

Dance

Emblem

Lyre

 

Thalia:

Thalia is the protector of comedy, symposiums, and sciences which include geometry, architecture, and agriculture. She is typically the opposite of Melpomene and holds a comedic theatrical mask in her depiction.

Domain

Comedy

Emblem

Comedic mask

 

Urania:

Urania is the creator of astronomy. She is the protector of celestial bodies, and she bears stars,  a compass, and a celestial sphere.

Domain

Astronomy

Emblem

Globe and compass

 

 

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